Hygiene Protocols for the Prevention and Control of Diseases (Particularly Beak and Feather Disease) in Australian Birds

Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006

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Executive Summary

Psittacine Beak and Feather Disease (PBFD) was listed as a Key Threatening Process in April 2001 under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act (1999). Consequent to this, the Threat Abatement Plan (TAP) for Psittacine Beak and Feather Disease affecting endangered psittacine species was published in 2005. This plan gives priority to three nationally listed threatened psittacine species that are at most risk from the disease. The TAP lists five Action Plans under the headings National Coordination, Research, Disease Monitoring, Management Strategies and Education and Extension. These protocols deal with parts of Action Plans 2 (Research) and 5 (Education and Extension).

The protocols contain information of value to recovery teams, zoos, wildlife carers, veterinarians and aviculturists. They concentrate on quarantine matters and endangered psittacine birds, both captive and wild. In considering quarantine aspects, diseases of quarantine importance other than PBFD that can be detected by laboratory tests are included.

Areas covered include:

  • The incubation period of PBFD and its application to a quarantine period;
  • The effectiveness of disinfectants on BFD virus;
  • Current hygiene tools, techniques and practices used to control the transmission of diseases in birds;
  • The ability of husbandry facilities to implement a minimum set of hygiene standards;
  • Development of protocols for clinical and post-mortem evaluation, quarantine, sample collection, transport of birds and specimens, disinfection, response to test results, and
  • disposal of dead birds;
  • Pathology/laboratories to which samples should be forwarded; and
  • Notification procedures in the event of a positive or negative diagnosis.

The report establishes a framework for controlling and preventing diseases in captive and wild populations of psittacine birds, and produces recommendations for dealing with specific diseases.

Introduction

This report is a response to some of the Action Plans recommended in the Threat Abatement Plan (TAP) for Psittacine Beak and Feather Disease affecting endangered psittacine species. The TAP listed five Action Plans under the headings National Coordination, Research, Disease Monitoring, Management Strategies and Education and Extension. This report deals with parts of Action Plans 2 (Research Actions 2.4 and 2.5) and 5 (Education and Extension Actions 5.1 and 5.2), as well as additional items requested by the Department of the Environment and Heritage.

Copyright

© Commonwealth of Australia 2006

Information contained in this publication may be copied or reproduced for study, research, information or educational purposes, subject to inclusion of an acknowledgment of the source.

The views and opinions expressed in this publication are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of the Australian Government or the Minister for the Environment and Heritage.

While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure that the contents of this publication are factually correct, the Commonwealth does not accept responsibility for the accuracy or completeness of the contents, and shall not be liable for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the contents of this publication.

For additional hard copies, please contact the Department of the Environment and Heritage, Community Information Unit at 1800 803 772.

Disclaimer

Note

This document describes Hygiene Protocols for the Prevention and Control of Diseases (Particularly Psittacine Beak and Feather Disease) in Australian Birds. It has been developed with the involvement and cooperation of a broad range of stakeholders, but the making of this document does not necessarily indicate the commitment of individual stakeholders to undertaking any specific actions. The attainment of objectives and the provision of funds may be subject to budgetary and other constraints affecting the parties involved. Proposed actions may be subject to modification over the life of the document due to changes in knowledge.