Shark Bay Experimental Crab Fishery - Ministerial decision 2004

Ministerial Decision
Ian Creswell, Delegate of the Minister for the Environment and Heritage, 16 November 2004

The Hon Kim Chance MLC
Minister for Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
11th Floor Dumas House
2 Havelock St
West Perth WA 6005

Dear Minister

I am writing to you as Delegate of the Minister for the Environment and Heritage in relation to the assessment of the WA Shark Bay Experimental Crab Fishery under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the Act). In June 2004 the Western Australia Department of Fisheries (WADF) submitted the document entitled Final Application to the Australian Government Department of the Environment and Heritage on the Shark Bay Experimental Crab Fishery for assessment under the Act.

The submission has been assessed for the purposes of the protected species provisions of Part 13 and the wildlife trade provisions of Part 13A of the Act.

I am pleased to advise that assessment of the fishery is now complete. The assessment report will be available on the Department of the Environment and Heritage website at:

I am satisfied that the management arrangements for the fishery require that all reasonable steps are taken to ensure that protected species are not injured or killed and the level of interactions with such species in the fishery is not likely to adversely affect the conservation status of protected species or the survival and recovery of listed threatened species. Hence, the management arrangements for the WA Shark Bay Experimental Crab Fishery meet the requirements of Part 13 of the Act and I propose to accredit the management arrangements accordingly. Accreditation will ensure that individual fishers operating in accordance with the management arrangements are not required to seek permits in relation to interactions with protected species in Commonwealth waters.

I am satisfied that the operation of the fishery is consistent with objects of the wildlife trade provisions in Part 13A of the Act. I am also satisfied that it is unlikely to be detrimental to the survival or conservation status of any taxon, to which the fishery operation relates, or threaten any relevant ecosystem. The fishery is relatively well managed and operates under an adaptable and precautionary ecologically based regime capable of controlling, monitoring and enforcing the level of take from the fishery. Performance against the Australian Government Guidelines for the Ecologically Sustainable Management of Fisheries is adequate, however there are a number of issues that need to be addressed to contain environmental risks in the longer term. Hence, I propose to declare the fishery an approved Wildlife Trade Operation (WTO), under Part 13A of the Act. This declaration would allow the export of product from the fishery for the next three years. I will make the declaration subject to the conditions at Attachment A.

I also propose to include product from this WTO fishery on the List of Exempt Native Specimens so that exporters would not require EPBC Act export permits. The fishery would continue to operate as a WTO for the period of the declaration (3 years) and all WTO conditions would continue to apply.

The management regime aims to ensure that fishing is conducted in a manner that does not lead to over-fishing and for fishing operations to be managed to minimise their impact on the structure, productivity, function and biological diversity of the ecosystem. On balance, the fishery is being managed in an ecologically sustainable manner and is working to address existing problems and to minimise environmental risks.

While there are some environmental risks associated with this fishery, I believe that WADF is committed to addressing these issues and is already taking proactive steps in some areas. Officers from our two departments have discussed key areas requiring ongoing and increased attention. I understand that they have agreed to a number of recommended actions, focusing on addressing key issues, to be implemented before the next Australian Government review of the fishery. The recommendations (Attachment B) have been an important factor in my decision to declare the fishery a WTO and I look forward to receiving your confirmation that they will be implemented.

I would like to thank you for the constructive way in which your officials have approached this assessment.

Yours sincerely


Ian Cresswell
Delegate of the Minister for the Environment and Heritage

16 November 2004

Proposed conditions on the approved wildlife trade declaration for the WA Shark Bay Experimental Crab Fishery

  1. Operation of the fishery will be carried out in accordance with the WA Shark Bay Experimental Crab Fishery management regime in force under the Fish Resources Management Act 1994;
  2. The Western Australia Department of Fisheries (WADF) will inform the Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH) of any intended amendments to the WA Shark Bay Experimental Crab Fishery management regime that may affect the sustainability of the target species or negatively impact on byproduct, bycatch, protected species or the ecosystem;
  3. Reports to be produced and presented to DEH annually, and to include:
    • information sufficient to allow assessment of the progress of WADF in implementing the recommendations made in the Assessment of the Shark Bay Experimental Crab Fishery 2004 and the commitments made in the Final Application to the Australian Government Department of the Environment and Heritage on the Shark Bay Experimental Crab Fishery;
    • A description of the status of the fishery and catch and effort information;
    • A statement of the performance of the fishery against objectives, performance indicators and measures once developed; and
    • Research undertaken or completed relevant to the fishery.

Recommendations to the Western Australia Department of Fisheries (WADF) on the ecologically sustainable management of the WA Shark Bay Experimental Crab Fishery

The WA Shark Bay Experimental Crab Fishery (SBECF) is a relatively well-managed fishery with a range of management measures to promote the ecologically sustainable harvesting of species from the fishery.

The SBECF has an adequate management regime including limited entry, a conservative minimum size limit, prohibition on the take of berried female crabs, spatial closures and gear restrictions that should enable the fishery to continue to be ecologically sustainable in the short to medium term. Stocks are not currently overfished and management arrangements provide the basis to ensure that fishing is conducted in a manner that will not lead to overfishing.

DEH notes the commitment by WADF to develop and implement an interim management plan for the fishery by the end of 2005. This provides a significant opportunity to introduce improvements in the management of the fishery. DEH has a linked a number of recommendations to this management planning process and finalisation of this plan will be an important consideration in the next review of this fishery.

While the fishery is relatively well managed, a number of risks and uncertainties that must be managed to ensure that their impacts are minimised have been identified. The following recommendations aim to address these risks and uncertainties. WADF should action these recommendations before the next review in 2007 or within the timeframe specified in individual recommendations.


  1. DFWA to advise DEH of any material change to the SBECF's legislated management regime that could affect the criteria on which EPBC decisions are based, within three months of that change being made.
  2. The ESD Report, including all performance measures, responses and information requirements to be incorporated into the management regime and decision making process.
  3. DFWA to ensure, where appropriate, that any relevant indigenous, conservation, world heritage and recreational interests in the fishery are considered through consultative mechanisms.
  4. By the end of 2006, DFWA to develop fishery specific performance measures for the target species (blue swimmer crab) and fishery specific objectives, performance indicators and measures, based on the best available information, for the two by-product species.
  5. DFWA to incorporate into the management regime, an objective to minimise protected/listed species interactions, to minimise or maintain at sustainable levels the take of other non-retained species and to minimise impacts on the marine environment.
  6. By December 2006, DFWA to conduct a compliance risk assessment to determine the most effective use of resources and to specify the measures needed to ensure adequate compliance with the management regime. DFWA to develop a compliance strategy for the fishery, to address compliance issues identified as high risk, that includes clear management actions and the means of measuring the performance of the strategy on a defined and regular basis.
  7. DFWA, in its Annual State of the Fisheries Report, to report on the performance of the SBECF against performance measures that relate to the sustainability of the fishery, once developed.
  8. DFWA to develop a research strategy for the fishery that:
    • Identifies research information needs and priorities to meet the management information, stock assessment and performance measurement needs of the fishery; and
    • Investigates potential synergies with other blue swimmer crab research.
  9. Noting the pending development of the Interim Management Plan and the potential for fishing efficiency to increase and for the fishery to continue to evolve, DFWA to review the management arrangements of the fishery to ensure that blue swimmer crab stocks continue to be fished within ecologically sustainable levels.
  10. DFWA to implement an education program to ensure that industry has the capacity to make protected species reports at an appropriate level of accuracy.