Gondwana Indigenous Re-Afforestation Project: significance of site
The Gondwana Rainforests include the most extensive areas of subtropical rainforest in the world, large areas of warm temperate rainforest and nearly all of the Antarctic beech cool temperate rainforest. Gondwana remains the most ancient type of vegetation in Australia.
The Gondwana Rainforests provide an interesting living link with the evolution of Australia and hence a record of the past. Few places on earth contain so many plants and animals whose ancestors can be traced through the fossil record and today remain relatively unchanged. There is a concentration of primitive plant families that are direct links with the birth and spread of flowering plants over 100 million years ago, as well as some of the oldest elements of the world's ferns and conifers.
A range of geological and environmental influences in the Gondwana Rainforests determine where forest communities grow. As these change in the future, so will the forest mosaic - it is an ongoing process that has been occurring for millions of years.