Sustainable land management in Australia

Sustainable land management means managing land without damaging ecological processes or reducing biological diversity. It requires the maintenance of the following key components of the environment:

  • biodiversity: the variety of species, populations, habitats and ecosystems;
  • ecological integrity: the general health and resilience of natural life-support systems, including their ability to assimilate wastes and withstand stresses such as climate change and ozone depletion; and
  • natural capital: the stock of productive soil, fresh water, forests, clean air, ocean, and other renewable resources that underpin the survival, health and prosperity of human communities.

Land is often managed for multiple benefits, such as agricultural production, biodiversity conservation, water quality, soil health and supporting human life. To ensure long-term sustainability, land managers need to consider economic, social and environmental factors.

These pages provide information about Australian Government policies and activities, developed and implemented by the Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, which encourage and support sustainable land management.