Marine Disturbance in Parts of the Australian Exclusive Economic Zone

Australia: State of the Environment Second Technical Paper Series (Coasts and Oceans), Series 2
David Barratt, John Garvey and Jean Chesson
Bureau of Resource Sciences, Australia
Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2001
ISBN 0 6425 4745 9

Contents

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  • 4. Indicator 1 - Bycatch
  • Introduction
  • Methods
  • Case Study 1 - The South East Fishery
  • Case Study 2 - The Northern Prawn Fishery
  • Discussion
  • Conclusions and Recommendations
  • -->
  • 5. Indicator 2 - Fishery Management Plans
  • Introduction
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusions and Recommendations
  • -->
  • 6. Indicator 3 - Line and Net Fishing
  • Introduction
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Case Study 1 - Southern Non-trawl Demersal Fisheries
  • Case Study 2 - Australian Pelagic Longline Fishery
  • Case Study 3 - South-east Danish Seine Fishery
  • Discussion
  • Conclusions and recommendations
  • -->
  • 7. Indicator 4 - Trawling, Exploration and Extraction
  • Introduction
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Case Study 1 - Northern Prawn Trawl Fishery
  • Case Study 2 - South East Trawl Fishery
  • Discussion
  • Conclusions and recommendations
  • -->
  • 8. Discussion
  • Implementation of Indicators at the National Level
  • Data issues
  • -->
  • References
  • Appendix I - List of Australian Fisheries and Gear Used in Each
  • Appendix II - Maps of Indicators 3 & 4
  • Appendix III - Data Recorded in Commonwealth and State Fisheries Logbooks
  • Appendix IV - Review of exploration and mining for minerals
  • Appendix V - Sections of the Management Plans and Legislation Relevant to Monitoring Non-target Species
  • List of Tables and Figures
  • Preface

    The national State of the Environment Reporting System is a program for regular, systematic analysis and evaluation of Australia's environment. The first major product of the system, Australia: State of the Environment 1996, was released in September 1996. Production of a State of the Environment Report covering the Australian jurisdiction is now a legislative requirement under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999, the next report must be prepared by December 2001.

    Since the publication of Australia: State of the Environment 1996 a set of environmental indicators has been developed by technical and scientific experts for each of the seven reporting themes: Human Settlements; Biodiversity; The Atmosphere; The Land; Inland Waters; Estuaries and the Sea (now Coasts and Oceans); and Natural and Cultural Heritage.

    The 2001 Australian State of the Environment Report will concentrate on trends and changes since the 1996 report, cover new and emerging issues, and will pioneer the use of the environmental indicators on a continental scale.

    In conjunction with the second reporting cycle, a new technical paper series was initiated. The papers in this second series were commissioned to contribute to the preparation of the 2001 national state of the environment report. The scope of the second series of technical papers includes analysis of trends in environmental indicator data, case studies, and reviews of particular issues. All papers in the second technical paper series have been peer reviewed externally.

    All national State of the Environment Reporting products are found at http://www.ea.gov.au/soe/

    Acknowledgments

    We would like to gratefully acknowledge the following people from the Bureau of Rural Sciences for their significant contributions to the writing of this report. Patty Hobsbawn for her review of the Commonwealth fisheries logbooks; Geoff Williams for background and case study information on fisheries bycatch; Martine Kinloch and Rupert Summerson for their work on petroleum exploration and extraction in Australian marine environments; and Brent Wise, Benj Whitworth and Madeleine Jones for general advice and editorial comment.

    We would also like to sincerely thank all staff from Commonwealth and State fisheries authorities and agencies that have supplied data, advice and information.

    Jim Higgs and Kirrily McInnes from the Queensland Fisheries Management Agency; Andrew Goulstone and Dianna Watkins from NSW Fisheries; Donna Tippet and Steve McCormack from the Victorian Natural Resources and Environment; Doug Nichols and Grant Pullen from the Tasmanian Dept Primary Industries Water and Environment; Emily Thompson and Angelo Tsolos from South Australian Research and Development Institute; Roger Hill from South Australian Fisheries (PIRSA); Richard Sellers, Jo Bunting and Jo Kennedy from WA Fisheries; Marie Hunter and Ray Clarke from the Northern Territory Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries; Ian Lavering and Ron Sait from the Australian Geological Survey Organisation; Katrina Maguire from the Australian Fisheries Management Authority and Nathan Evans and Phil Sahlqvist from Agriculture Fisheries and Forestry Australia.

    Abstract

    This report is one of several commissioned by the State of the Environment Reporting Section. The environmental indicators covered by this report are derived from selected recommendations on coasts and oceans and biodiversity.

    The indicators are:

    1. Total of fishing bycatch (ie non-target species, discards, incidentals, etc) relative to catch of target species
    2. The number of fisheries management plans that have effective indicators for monitoring the level of, and the extent of reduction in, impacts on non-target organisms and their habitats (where applicable)
    3. The extent of fishing conducted by longline, dropline, gillnet and meshing operations
    4. The area of sea and seabed subject to (a) demersal trawling, (b) other trawling, (c) exploration and (d) mining.

    The results are presented in over 30 maps as well as numerous charts and tables. Map presentations were standardised across fisheries and land area that would otherwise be blank was used to display relevant charts.

    Disclaimer

    Commonwealth of Australia 2001

    This work is copyright. It may be reproduced in whole or in part for study or training purposes subject to the inclusion of an acknowledgment of the source and no commercial usage or sale. Reproduction for purposes other than those listed above requires the written permission of the Department of the Environment and Heritage. Requests and enquiries concerning reproduction and rights should be addressed to the State of the Environment Reporting Section, Environment Australia, GPO Box 787, Canberra ACT 2601.

    The Commonwealth accepts no responsibility for the opinions expressed in this document, or the accuracy or completeness of the contents of this document. The Commonwealth will not be liable for any loss or damage occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the contents of this document.

    For further information, please contact the Community Information Unit of the Department of the Environment and Heritage, GPO Box 787, Canberra ACT 2601. Phone, toll free, 1800 803 772, Facsimile 02 6274 1970.