Land Theme Report

Australia State of the Environment Report 2001 (Theme Report)
Prepared by: Ann Hamblin, Bureau of Rural Sciences, Authors
Published by CSIRO on behalf of the Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2001
ISBN 0 643 06748 5

Please Note

This report was written to provide source material for Australian State of the Environment Committee's purposes. Independent contract authors prepared the seven supporting theme reports that the Committee considered during preparation of the 2001 SoE Report. The opinions in the theme reports are those of the authors, not of the Committee.

PDF files


  • Physical changes to natural habitats
  • How much of the continent is being disturbed by human activity?
  • Changes in land use in major catchments and IBRA regions
  • Land cover change in the Intensive Land-use Zone from 1990 to 1995, and recent estimates to 2000
  • Fire: a hot topic
  • Legislative and social responses
  • -->
  • Introduction of novel biota into native habitats and communities
  • Number of new weeds, pests and diseases reported per region
  • Number of port entries
  • Impact of agriculture on native vegetation
  • Weed infestation
  • How effectively is weed and disease incursion being managed?
  • -->
  • Secondary salinity and acidity
  • The proportion of land under perennial and annual vegetation in each major catchment
  • Area affected by dryland salinity
  • Changes in soil acidity by regions
  • Trends in use of water by vegetation
  • What measures are being taken to increase perennial vegetation and cover regionally?
  • National and regional responses to controlling leakage
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  • Nutrient and carbon cycling
  • Are nutrient loads causing environmental pressures on water bodies?
  • Net nutrient balances in the Intensive Land-use Zone
  • What proportion of agricultural lands is being tested for nutrient needs?
  • Carbon - and its relationship to other nutrients
  • How much carbon is being lost from our ecosystems?
  • How much carbon (plant biomass) are we storing in different environments?
  • What are we doing to increase environmental carbon storage and reduce losses?
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  • Soil and land pollution
  • Total immobile contaminant loads across major regions.
  • What is the condition surrounding current mining and mineral processing sites?
  • Land as a receiving environment
  • How much agricultural pesticide goes where?
  • Residues in foods: what is the record?
  • Progress in Integrated Pest Management and risk reduction in agricultural industries - case studies
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  • Antarctica
  • Ice and rock
  • Stations
  • Rubbish
  • Tourism
  • Environmental policy
  • Implications
  • -->
  • Conclusions
  • What have we learnt from past mistakes?
  • Key issues
  • Major findings from the Land Report
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  • Glossary
  • References
  • Case studies
  • Environmental Indicators
  • Figures
  • Maps
  • Tables
  • Prepared by

    Ann Hamblin, Bureau of Rural Sciences

    Theme coordinator

    Dr Jim Derrick, State of the Environment Reporting Section, Environment Australia, Department of the Environment and Heritage