Data Reporting System - Theme: Coasts and oceans

Introduction

Coasts and oceans is one of the four physical spheres of the Earth's environment, along with the atmosphere, the land and inland waters.

The issues included in the Coasts and oceans theme for SoE 2006 have been structured to reflect complex systems relationships. They recognise the close relationship between the condition of the oceans and the condition of marine biodiversity, and decouple the contributions that coasts and oceans make to human life (including heritage values) from the pressures which those contributions place on coasts and oceans. The pressures on coasts and oceans are separated into direct pressures from human settlements and activities, and the indirect pressures and contributions that operate between coasts and oceans and the overlapping themes of: land, inland waters and atmosphere. Societal responses to pressures or to deteriorating conditions are examined as separate issues because of the time lag before responses can be expected to translate into improvements in condition or reductions in pressures.

Issues

Condition of the ocean and coastal waters

Contributions of the coasts and oceans to human life

Direct pressure of human activities on coasts and oceans

Contributions and pressures between the coasts and oceans and the atmosphere

Contributions and pressures between the coasts and oceans and inland water

Contributions and pressures between the coasts and oceans and land

Societal responses to direct pressures of human activities on coasts and oceans