Issue: Contributions of land to human life - Ecological services (air, water, climate)
This is an issue under the Land theme of the Data Reporting System.
The land contributes to the ecological services on which humans as well as everything else depend, by providing soil and habitat for terrestrial life forms, holding and channeling freshwater, releasing oxygen and absorbing CO2, providing food, either directly or indirectly, for billions of marine and terrestrial organisms and contributing to maintaining a habitable climate.
Environmental condition indicators in all theme reports are relevant indicators for ecological services provided by the land, because it is the overall health of all spheres of the environment that collectively maintain and are maintained by the land’s capacity to contribute to these services.
Specific additional indicators for these contributions have therefore not been suggested.
- Coasts and Oceans - Contributions of the coasts and oceans to human life- Ecological services (air, water, climate)
- Human Settlements - Services provided by the environment to human settlements- Ecological services
- Biodiversity - Utilisation and value of biodiversity- Contributions of biodiversity to ecological services