11 Coasts | 5 Outlook for coasts
State of the Environment 2011 Committee. Australia state of the environment 2011.
Independent report to the Australian Government Minister for Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities.
Canberra: DSEWPaC, 2011.
Although coastal environments are facing major pressures, including the direct impacts of expanded human settlements and a range of indirect impacts of human activities (such as impacts from tourism, recreation, invasive species and acid sulfate soils), awareness is growing of the interlinking of ecological, social, economic and cultural issues. Few people with a stake in Australia’s coasts want to see environmental and other assets decline. Based on the issues raised in Sections 3, 4.1 and 4.2 of this chapter, two major uncertainties that are likely to determine the future of Australia’s coasts are:
- how government and governance arrangements develop (especially whether cooperative and strategic approaches to managing coastal resources can be developed that are effective over the same spatial scales as the challenges)
- how extreme and rapid the effects of climate change are on coastal Australia.