Water supply and infrastructure

Where does the water in my tap come from and where does it end up when it goes down the drain? What is meant by the urban water cycle and how is this different to the natural water cycle?

Water supply is vital for a properly functioning society. To supply water for human use and business use, infrastructure such as dams, water treatment plants, reservoirs, water towers, pipes and pumps are required. This key concept addresses the many components of water supply and infrastructure from water sources to wastewater discharge. Included are themes such as:

  • Dams and reservoirs
  • Water treatment plants and drinking water quality
  • Drinking water pipes, pumps and water towers
  • Stormwater harvesting drains and rainwater tanks
  • Sewerage system including pipes and pumps, wastewater treatment plants, sewerage treatment plants and septic systems
  • Water recycling and reuse
  • Treatment such as desalination, distillation and reverse osmosis
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