National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting

About the Scheme

The National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting (NGER) Scheme was introduced in 2007 to provide data and accounting in relation to greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption and production.

The Scheme’s legislated objectives are to:

  • inform policy-making and the Australian public
  • meet Australia’s international reporting obligations
  • provide a single national reporting framework for energy and emissions reporting.

The Scheme was administered by the Greenhouse and Energy Data Officer on behalf of the Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency until 1 April 2012, when the Clean Energy Regulator took on that role.

The Department of the Environment has formal oversight of the NGER Scheme and responsibility for tracking progress against Australia's target under the Kyoto Protocol. The Department will fulfill this role by ensuring that NGER Scheme legislation continues to support emissions reduction policies and by conducting research to inform policy makers and the public.

National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007

The NGER Scheme operates under the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007 (NGER Act)..

Amendments to the legislation that are deemed necessary will be made by the Department on the basis of consultation with the public and industry stakeholders.

NGER (Measurement) Determination

The National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting (Measurement) Determination 2008 provides methods and criteria for calculating greenhouse gas emissions and energy data under the NGER Act.

The initial instrument, the Determination 2008, has been updated annually since 2009, reflecting updates to emission factors, improvements in estimation methods and responding to feedback from stakeholders through public consultations.

The amendments made each year are detailed in the corresponding explanatory statements.

The range of emission sources covered in the Determination includes:

  • the combustion of fuels for energy
  • fugitive emissions from the extraction of coal, crude oil and natural gas
  • industrial processes (such as producing cement and steel)
  • waste management.

The methods used within the NGER (Measurement) Determination are based on those used for the National Greenhouse Accounts.

Technical guidelines

Technical guidelines have been developed to assist stakeholders understand and apply the NGER (Measurement) Determination 2008.

Clean Energy Regulator

National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting is the responsibility of the Clean Energy Regulator, whereas the Determination is the responsibility of the Department of the Environment.

NGER public consultations