Carnaby’s Cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus latirostris) Recovery Plan

Western Australian Department of Parks and Wildlife, 2013

About this document

Carnaby’s cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus latirostris) is one of the five Australian endemic black cockatoo species, and one of two species of white-tailed black cockatoo.  Carnaby’s cockatoo was once very numerous in Western Australia. Since the late 1940s the species has suffered a 30% contraction in range, a 50% decline in population, and between 1968 and 1990 disappeared from more than a third of its breeding range (Saunders 1990; Johnstone and Storr 1998; Saunders and Ingram 1998; Garnett et al. 2011).

The decline of Carnaby’s cockatoo has been due primarily to the loss and fragmentation of habitat, as a result of clearing of native vegetation, since the middle of the 20th century (Saunders 1979b, 1980, 1986, 1990; Saunders and Ingram 1987, 1995, 1998; Saunders et al. 1985; Mawson and Johnstone 1997).  Approximately 56% (over 2 million hectares) of the species’ habitat has been cleared since European settlement (DEC unpublished data 2010).  As a result of historical and current threats, Carnaby’s cockatoo has undergone a major decline in range, particularly in drier areas and the central wheatbelt (Saunders 1990; Johnstone and Storr 1998).

This recovery plan covers the ten year period from 2012 and provides some background information on Carnaby’s cockatoo, threatening processes that affect this species, and identifies the recovery objective, success criteria and the actions required over the next ten years to progress towards the longer term recovery of this species.