Environmental education review - formal education sector (schools)

Curriculum Corporation
for Environment Australia, 2003

Contents

Environmental education indicators

A set of Environmental Education indicators was developed to map references to Environmental Education in the curriculum documents examined.

A total of 147 indicators were identified through this process. For the mapping exercise, the indicators are grouped under five categories and ten sub-categories, illustrated in the Table below.

Category Sub-category Indicator (Reference to these terms in the document is mapped as a reference to Environmental Education in the category shown)
Information about the environment Ecosystems Local
Regional
National
Global
Natural systems
Ecological principles Adaptations
Biodiversity
Carrying capacity
Cycles of matter
Ecological balance
Energy flow
Fauna
Photosynthesis/Flora
Food webs, interactions, biotic/abiotic, communities
Habitats
Interdependence
Population changes
Survival (factors)
Species diversity
Sustainable environment/life
Change over time
Energy and resources Renewable resources
Finite resources
Production and consumption
Resource use
Sustainable development
Use/Efficiency of energy
Nuclear energy
Energy conservation
Studies of humans and the environment Humans and Environment Agricultural sustainability
Built environment, building for survival, energy efficient housing
Health and health care, Urban health hazards
Indigenous lifestyle sustainability, farming
Lifestyles, how people function within an environment, quality of life
Mass transit technology
New technologies and efficiencies
Population (growth, distribution, dynamics)
Poverty
Recreation, tourism, eco-tourism
Sustainable human settlements, development
Urban sprawl, urbanisation
General human activities
Political and economic issues Citizenship
Eco-efficiency
Ecological footprint
Ecospace
Environmental assessment
Environmental law
Government env. policies
Interconnectedness (political, economic, environmental, social)
Intergenerational equity
Land-use planning
Life-cycle analysis
Lobby groups
Management
Media
Natural resource accounting
Precautionary principle
Sustainable consumption
Cost Benefit analysis
Pollution Air pollution, air quality
Hazardous wastes, Toxic chemicals
Noise pollution
Radioactive wastes, radiation
Solid wastes
Stormwater, sewage
Vehicle emissions
Water pollution, water quality
Issues Acid rain
Conservation
Deforestation, land clearing, habitat destruction
Desertification
Endangered species
Greenhouse, climate change
Introduced species
Land degradation
National parks/ remnant vegetation
Environmental disasters ie. nuclear accidents
Ozone
Revegetation
Salinity
Sustainable biotechnology, Bio-engineering
Water depletion - rivers, ground water
Wilderness
Recycling
Skills, problem solving and competencies   Experimental design
Observing
Measuring
Questioning
Mapping
Interpreting
Investigating
Collecting, analysing and organising information (KC1)
Communicating ideas and information (KC2)
Planning and organising activities (KC3)
Working with others and in teams (KC4)
Decision making
Brainstorming
Creative thinking
Designing
Future tools/forecasting
Solving Problems (KC6)
Environmental leadership
Environmental auditing
Evaluating/assessing
Critical thinking
Comparing evidence of change/short- and long-term impacts
Writing
Listening
Reading
Attitudes, values and view points   Aesthetics
Appreciation of the benefits of community
Appreciation of the dependence of human life on finite resources
Appreciation of the importance of individual action
Appreciation of the interdependence of all living forms
Care for the environment/stewardship
Ethics
Appreciation of the interrelationships between science, technology, society and environment
Personal acceptance of a sustainable lifestyle
Respect for other culture perspectives
Respect for other living things
Social justice/equality/respect for human rights
Spirituality
Value clarification
Changing perceptions towards environments
Action   Energy conservation school/home
Environmental citizenship
Government initiatives - Landcare, Waterwatch
Litter reduction school/local area
Local community projects
Purchasing policies school/home/canteen
School environment improvements/projects
Waste minimisation school/home
Water conservation school/home
Reducing harmful chemicals home/school
Turning knowledge into action