Management Plan 2004 | Pulu Keeling National Park


Commonwealth of Australia, 2004
ISBN 0 642 54964 8

About the Plan

Pulu Keeling National Park is the Commonwealth's smallest National Park, and yet a place of considerable international significance. As an isolated coral atoll in an almost natural state, its pristine environment is a valuable biological resource and an increasingly scarce feature in the tropics.

the park was established on 12 December 1995 and comprises North Keeling Island and its marine area extending to 1.5 kilometres from the shore. the park is a Commonwealth reserve under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act) and is managed in accordance with the Act and the regulations made under it.

Pulu Keeling National Park is an internationally recognised seabird rookery and is listed as a wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention. It supports one of the world's largest remaining populations of the red-footed booby, Sula sula. It is also home to the endemic Cocos buff-banded rail, Gallirallus philippensis andrewsi, which is listed as endangered under the EPBC Act, and the Cocos angelfish, Centropyge joculator, which is endemic to both Christmas and Cocos (Keeling) Islands.

Green turtles, Chelonia mydas, listed as vulnerable under the EPBC Act, nest on North Keeling Island, and hawksbill turtles are resident in the waters of the park. Three other of the world's six marine turtle species visit from time to time. Two species of dolphin are regularly seen in the park, which has a healthy fish fauna with substantial populations of butterfly fish and sharks.

Pulu Keeling's forests and other flora are examples of the original vegetation of the region, and include a number of species not now found elsewhere in the Cocos (Keeling) Islands.

This second Management Plan for Pulu Keeling National Park was prepared by Parks Australia staff in consultation with the Pulu Keeling National Park Community Management Committee. This Plan takes into account comments made in response to a July 2002 invitation for public comment and subsequent meetings in the Cocos (Keeling) Islands Territory and further public comments received in December 2003 following the release of the draft Plan in September 2003.

For the next seven years Pulu Keeling National Park will be managed to preserve its flora, fauna and marine environment, whilst providing controlled visitor access. Although tourism infrastructure may develop on the southern atoll outside the National Park, this Management Plan will ensure that the park's pristine condition is maintained.

Copies of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 may be purchased from Australian Government Bookshops or viewed on the Internet at