National recovery plan for the Coast Dandelion (Taraxacum cygnorum)
Oberon Carter, Department of Sustainability and Environment, Victoria
The Coast Dandelion Taraxacum cygnorum is a small, short-lived rosette-forming forb that was formerly widely distributed across southern Australia, occurring in Western Australia, Victoria and Tasmania. The species has not been seen in Western Australia and Tasmania for more than a century, and the most recent records are from four sites in south-western Victoria in the 1980s. It is currently not known if there are any extant populations. Weed invasion, disturbance and altered fire regimes are thought to be the main threats to the species. The Coast Dandelion islisted as Vulnerable under the Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999, and as Threatened under the Victorian Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988. This species is presumed extinct under the Tasmanian Threatened Species Protection Act 1995 and the Western Australian Wildlife Conservation Act 1950. This national Recovery Plan for the Coast Dandelionis the first recovery plan for the species, and details its distribution, habitat, threats and recovery objectives and actions necessary to ensure its long-term survival.