Place-based approaches to commercial and industrial waste and recycling
About this report
The Australian Government Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities commissioned Hyder Consulting to conduct an analysis of opportunities to take precinct or place-based approaches to commercial and industrial (C&I) waste. The study was commissioned to support work under the C&I, C&D (construction and demolition wastes) and Governments Working Group of the National Waste Policy: Less waste, more resources.
This report will assist Australian governments and industry to implement place-based approaches that can reduce the generation of C&I waste, improve its recovery and minimise flows to landfill. The report finds that each type of place-based approach has benefits and barriers to implementation. Whilst no single type of approach will work in all local circumstances, place-based restrictions on landfill disposal have the potential to divert the largest amounts of C&I waste from landfill.
The C&I waste stream in Australia offers significant opportunities for reduced disposal of waste to landfill and improved recovery of resources. In 2006-07, 44% of Australia's C&I waste was sent to landfill, with C&I making up around a third of national waste generation. Patterns of C&I waste generation, recovery and landfill disposal can vary a great deal from place to place. For this analysis, 'place' ranges in scale from a single building up to that of a city.
The report identifies seven general types of place-based approaches to C&I waste:
- Precinct or place-based licensing
- Place-based direct investment
- Place-based restrictions on direct landfill disposal
- Waste catchment analysis
- Waste matching initiatives
- Minimum recovery / recycling standards
- Opportunities to enhance the uptake of National Australian Built Environment Rating System (NABERS) waste.