Australia: State of the Environment Second Technical Paper Series (Human Settlements), Series 2
Emma Baker, Neil Coffee and Graeme Hugo
Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2000
ISBN 0 642 54791 2
The evidence presented here indicates that population change patterns in Australia's largest capital cities have become more complex over the last 15 years. The model of inner and middle city decline and growth in the outer rings of urban development has been replaced by a more complex pattern in which the positive correlation between population growth rate and distance from the city centre has been eroded. This undoubtedly is partly due to demographic factors. It has been shown (Hugo 1986) that in the early post-war years of rapid population growth and lateral expansion of Australian cities whole suburbs tended to be initially settled by people in the young family formation ages and their children. As these groups have aged in place and their children left the population declines. However, as these original settlers die or move into aged care accommodation their houses come onto the market and are purchased by younger people. This often sees one occupant of a home replaced by two or three occupants, causing population growth. However, it is also clear that other elements are also at work. On the one hand local city and state governments are encouraging urban consolidation. There are some elements in the population who are showing a preference for inner city "caf society" type lifestyles. This has undoubtedly caused increased population growth in inner and middle suburbs. On the other hand growth on the periphery has certainly not ceased especially in the fastest growing cities. The 2001 census is likely to see an increase in the level of central and middle city population growth. No longer can it be assumed that the vast bulk of population growth will occur in the peripheries of Australia's large cities. However, these peripheries will continue to be the location of much of the growth of the metropolitan populations. It is important that the forces encouraging growth in the different ecological contexts of the major cities be identified if accurate anticipation of future changes in population growth is going to be achieved as a basis for better metropolitan planning.
Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) 1997, Adelaide...A Social Atlas, Catalogue no. 2030.4, ABS, Canberra.
Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) 1998, Sydney ...A Social Atlas, Catalogue no. 2030.2, ABS, Canberra.
Division of National Mapping 1980, Atlas of Australian Resources Volume 2: Population, Third Series, Division of National Mapping, Canberra.
Division of National Mapping and Australian Bureau of Statistics 1984a, Sydney...A Social Atlas, Division of National Mapping and Australian Bureau of Statistics, Canberra.
Division of National Mapping and Australian Bureau of Statistics 1984b, Adelaide...A Social Atlas, Division of National Mapping and Australian Bureau of Statistics, Canberra.
Hugo, G.J. 1986, Australia's Changing Population: Trends and Implications, Oxford University Press, Melbourne.
Hugo, G., Griffith, D., Rees, P., Smailes, P., Badcock, B. and Stimson, R. 1997, Rethinking the ASGC: Some Conceptual and Practical Issues, Monograph Series 3, National Key Centre for Social Applications of GIS, University of Adelaide, Adelaide.
McKenzie, F. 1996, Beyond the Suburbs: Population Change in the Major Ex-Urban Regions of Australia, AGPS, Canberra.
Newman, P.W.G., Kenworthy, J.R., et al. 1992, Housing, transport and urban form, Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
Newman, P.W.G., Kenworthy, J.R., et al. (eds.) 1999, The global city and sustainability - perspectives from Australian cities and a survey of 37 global cities, East West perspectives on 21st century urban development: sustainable eastern and western cities in the new Millennium, Aldershot, Ashgate.
Parham, S., Konvitz, J.W., et al. 1996, Innovative policies for sustainable urban development: the ecological city, OECD, Paris.
Stretton, H. 1991, The consolidation problem, Architecture Australia 80(2, March): 27-29.
Troy, P. 1992, The new feudalism, Urban Features 2(2): 36-44.
Troy, P.N. (ed.) 1995, Australian cities: issues, strategies and policies for urban Australia in the 1990s, Reshaping Australian institutions, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, Melbourne.
Troy, P.N. 1996, The perils of urban consolidation: a discussion of Australian housing and urban development policies, Federation Press, Leichhardt, NSW.
Commonwealth of Australia 2002
This work is copyright. It may be reproduced for study, research or training purposes subject to the inclusion of an acknowledgment of the source and no commercial usage or sale. Reproduction for purposes other than those above requires the written permission from the Commonwealth, available from Environment Australia.
Requests and inquiries concerning reproduction and rights should be addressed to the:
Corporate Relations and Education Branch
GPO Box 787
Canberra ACT 2601