Australia State of the Environment Report 2001 (Theme Report)
Lead Author: Dr Peter Manins, Environmental Consulting and Research Unit, CSIRO Atmospheric Research, Authors
Published by CSIRO on behalf of the Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2001
ISBN 0 643 06746 9
The writing team gratefully acknowledges the assistance and contributions provided by the following people and their organisations.
Sabriye Ahmet (ex EPA Vic.)
Greg Ayers (CSIRO Atmospheric Research)
M. Bennett (RRA)
Peter Best (Katestone Scientific)
Adrian Blockley (DEP WA)
Reinout Boers (CSIRO Atmospheric Research)
Dean Collins (NCC, BoM)
Graham de Hoedt (BoM)
Paul Della-Marta (NCC, BoM)
Lilia Deschamps (BMRC)
Greg Dowling (OEB)
A. Downey (BoM)
Wasyl Drosdowsky (BMRC)
David Etheridge (CSIRO Atmospheric Research)
Ian Galbally (CSIRO Atmospheric Research)
David Gooding (EPA SA)
Arthur Grieco (DEP WA)
Malcolm Haylock (BMRC)
Kevin Hicks (Stockholm Environment Institute at York, UK)
Insurance Council of Australia, Melbourne
Ross James (BoM)
David Jones (NCC, BoM)
Paul Krummel (CSIRO Atmospheric Research)
Yuriy Kuleshov (NCC, BoM)
Ray Langenfelds (CSIRO Atmospheric Research)
Gregory Laughlin (BRS)
John Lippelgoes (Alcoa Victoria)
Peter Maganov (EPA NSW)
R. McKenzie (NIWA)
Bill Mitchell (National Tidal Facility)
Ross Mitchell (CSIRO Atmospheric Research)
David Morgan (BoM)
Neville Nicholls (BMRC)
David Parker (UKMO)
Julie Payne (SA Department of Health)
Neil Plummer (NCC, BoM)
David Poulter (AFFA)
Ken Rayner (DEP WA)
Dr J. Shanklin (BAS)
Blair Trewin (NCC, BoM)
William Wang (NCC, BoM)
Neil Wong (EPA Vic.)
Bill Wright (NCC, BoM)
In addition, a large number of other people provided information, usually at very short notice. These include individuals in State and Territory government departments, private industries and voluntary organisations. Commonwealth government departments and members of the Commonwealth, State and Territory ANZECC State of the Environment Reporting Task Force also helped identify errors of fact or omission. Their assistance is also gratefully acknowledged. The efforts of the data-coordinators in State and Territory agencies were also appreciated.
The following people reviewed the chapter in draft form and provided constructive comments:
Peter Anyon (Parsons Australia Pty Ltd)
Neville Bofinger (Faculty of Science, Queensland University of Technology)
Willem Bouma (CSIRO Division of Atmospheric Research)
Bettye Dixon (Bureau of Meteorology)
Len Ferrari (Ferrari Team Environmental)
Paul Kesby (Environment Australia)
Mike Manton (Chief, Bureau of Meteorology Research Centre)
Peter Nelson (CSIRO Division of Coal and Energy)
Neil Plummer (Bureau of Meteorology, National Climate Centre)
Stephen Wilson (Department of Chemistry, University of Wollongong)
ISBN 0 643 06746 9.
ISBN 0 643 06754 X (8 v.).
ISBN 0 643 06755 8 (7 v.).
2. Air quality - Australia.
3. Climatic changes - Australia.
4. Air - Pollution - Australia.
5. Ozone layer.
6. Environmental monitoring - Australia.
I. Manins, P. C.
II. Armstead, John.
III. Australia. Environment Australia. (Series : Australia state of the environment 2001).
Commonwealth of Australia 2001
This work is copyright. It may be reproduced for study, research or training purposes subject to the inclusion of an acknowledgment of the source and no commercial usage or sale. Reproduction for purposes other than those above requires the written permission from the Commonwealth, available from Environment Australia. Requests and inquiries concerning reproduction and rights should be addressed to the:
Corporate Relations and Education Branch
GPO Box 787
Canberra ACT 2601
The views contained in this report are not necessarily those of the Commonwealth, State or Territory Governments. The Commonwealth, which includes the Australian State of the Environment Committee, does not accept responsibility in respect of any information or advice given in relation to or as a consequence of anything contained herein.
The book is printed on Regent Recycled paper made in Australia.
Published by CSIRO PUBLISHING on behalf of the Department of the Environment and Heritage.
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Cover photo: Pink Lake near Meningie, South Australia & copy; John P Baker
For bibliographic purposes, this report may be cited as:
Manins, P., Allan, R., Beer, T., Fraser, P., Holper, P., Suppiah, R. and Walsh, K., 2001.
Atmosphere, Australia State of the Environment Report 2001 (Theme Report), CSIRO Publishing on behalf of the Department of the Environment and Heritage, Canberra.
The 2001 Atmosphere Theme Report is one of seven produced for the Australian State of the Environment Committee which form the basis of the report Australia State of the Environment 2001. Theme reports for the remaining themes: Biodiversity; Human Settlements; Land; Inland Waters; Coasts and Oceans; and Natural and Cultural Heritage are available in print from CSIRO PUBLISHING and on the web at: http://www.ea.gov.au/soe/
Note : Some of the images in this report may be more easily read in colour. In those cases, readers are referred to the full colour PDF or web versions which are available online at: http://www.ea.gov.au/soe/
Cover and text design by James Kelly.
Typeset by Desktop Concepts P/L, Melbourne.
Printed in Australia by Brown Prior Anderson.