Australia State of the Environment Report 2001 (Theme Report)
Lead Author: Dr Peter Manins, Environmental Consulting and Research Unit, CSIRO Atmospheric Research, Authors
Published by CSIRO on behalf of the Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2001
ISBN 0 643 06746 9
- Figure 2 - Map showing Australia's climate zones
- Figure 3 - Large-scale atmospheric circulation affecting our climate
- Figure 4 - Map of Antarctica and bases
- Figure 5 - Antarctic Circumpolar Wave
- Figure 6 - Atmospheric heat trapping
- Figure 7 - Satellite image showing the springtime ozone hole over Antarctica
- Figure 9 - Models of how air pollution is recirculated over Australian cities
- Figure 11 - Typical winds and synoptic features in January.
- Figure 12 - Typical winds and synoptic features in July.
- Figure 13 - Location of the 379 high-quality rainfall stations.
- Figure14 - Mean annual average rainfall for Australia.
- Figure 16 - Rainfall variability in Australia.
- Figure 17 - Annual rainfall trends in Australia from 1910 to 1999.
- Figure 18 - Annual rainfall trends in Australia from 1950 to 1999.
- Figure 27 - Trend in mean annual temperatures (C/10 Year) for the calendar year (January to December), 1910 to 1999.
- Figure 28 - Trend in maximum temperature (C/10 Year) from 1910 to 1999.
- Figure 29 - Trend in minimum temperature (C/10 Year) from 1910 to 1999.
- Figure 33 - Annual average point potential evapotranspiration over Australia.
- Figure 35 - East-west air circulation along the equator during El Nio and La Nia events.
- Figure 37 - First dominant mode of variability derived from sea surface temperatures using data from 1958 to 1999.
- Figure 38 - Second dominant mode of variability derived from sea surface temperature using data from 1958 to 1999.
- Figure 43 - Major Australian droughts and some examples of spatial variations in the intensity of El Nio induced droughts.
- Figure 44 - The effect of drought in the first half of the 1990s as measured by serious rainfall deficiencies (rainfall lower than the 5th percentile).
- Figure 45 - The effect of drought in the second half of the 1990s as measured by serious rainfall deficiencies (rainfall lower than the 5th percentile).
- Figure 60 - Projected mean annual temperature changes for 2030 and 2070.
- Figure 61 - Projected rainfall changes for 2030 and 2070.
- Figure 69 - Stratospheric chlorine (ppb) from the major ozone-depleting substances: CFCs,
- Figure 73 - Total ozone levels (DU) over the Southern Hemisphere for 1-15 October in 1979, 1984, 1989, 1994, 1999 and 2000.
- Figure 76 - The average summer (Dec.-Feb.) clear-sky erythemal UV Index for the Australian region, 1979 to 1993.
- Figure 83 - Australian urban and regional airsheds with ambient air quality monitoring.
- Figure 125 - Example display for Melbourne from the Australian Air Quality Forecasting System on a high pollution evening.
- Figure 126 - Meteorological conditions for (top) Ash Wednesday, 16 February 1983; (middle) the Sydney Fires, January 1994; and (bottom) fires in the Perth region, April 1978.
- Figure 131 - Sensitivity of Australian soils to acidification.
- Figure 147 - Images of predicted one-hour ozone concentrations over New South Wales from the data analysis package of the Australian Air Quality Forecasting System.
- Figure 153 - Modelled ozone and nitrogen dioxide concentrations across regional Wollongong, Sydney and NSW Central Coast during the afternoon of 9 February 1994 (units: ppb; 1000 ppb = 1 ppm).