Australia State of the Environment Report 2001 (Theme Report)
Prepared by: Jonas Ball, Sinclair Knight Merz Pty Limited, Authors
Published by CSIRO on behalf of the Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2001
ISBN 0 643 06750 7
We would like to acknowledge the following individuals for their contribution and assistance in preparing the Inland Waters Theme Report: Jim Tait and Warwick McDonald (National Land and Water Resources Audit); Richard Norris (CRC for Freshwater Ecology); Sinclair Knight Merz staff including Colette Thomas, Lien Sim, Rod Hardwick, Simon Treadwell and Tony Church; all the expert reviewers who provided valuable comments.
Angela Arthington (Centre For Catchment and In-stream Research, Griffith University)
Leon Barmuta (School of Zoology, University of Tasmania)
Kathleen Bowmer (Charles Sturt University)
Stuart Bunn (Centre for Catchment and In-Stream Research, Griffith University)
Peter Cottingham (Co-operative Research Centre for Freshwater Ecology)
Peter Davies (University of Tasmania)
Graham Harris (Chief, CSIRO Land and Water)
Peter Liston (Co-operative Research Centre for Freshwater Ecology)
Bill Maher (Co-operative Research Centre for Freshwater Ecology)
Richard Norris (Co-operative Research Centre for Freshwater Ecology)
Richard Pearson (School of Tropical Biology and Australian Centre for Tropical Freshwater Research, James Cook University of North Queensland)
Brian Sadler (Principal Partner, Water Policy Services)
Robert Michael Williams (NSW Department of Land and Water Conservation)
Australian Antarctic Division (Environment Australia)
Marine and Water Division (Environment Australia)
ISBN 0 643 06750 7.
ISBN 0 643 06754 X (8 v.).
ISBN 0 643 06755 8 (7 v.).
1. Water - Australia. 2. Water-supply - Australia. 3. Water quality - Australia.
4. Water-Pollution - Australia. 5. Aquatic ecology - Australia. 6. Environmental monitoring - Australia.
I. Erlanger, Peter D. II. Hack, Belinda. III. Australia. Environment Australia. (Series : Australia state of the environment 2001).
Commonwealth of Australia 2001
This work is copyright. It may be reproduced for study, research or training purposes subject to the inclusion of an acknowledgment of the source and no commercial usage or sale. Reproduction for purposes other than those above requires the written permission from the Commonwealth, available from Environment Australia. Requests and inquiries concerning reproduction and rights should be addressed to the:
Corporate Relations and Education Branch
GPO Box 787
Canberra ACT 2601
The views contained in this report are not necessarily those of the Commonwealth, State or Territory Governments. The Commonwealth, which includes the Australian State of the Environment Committee, does not accept responsibility in respect of any information or advice given in relation to or as a consequence of anything contained herein.
The book is printed on Regent Recycled paper made in Australia.
Published by CSIRO PUBLISHING on behalf of the Department of the Environment and Heritage.
150 Oxford Street (PO Box 1139)
Collingwood VIC 3066
Telephone: +61 3 9662 7666
Freecall: 1800 645 051 (Australia only)
Fax: +61 3 9662 7555
Web site: www.publish.csiro.au
Photo credits: Front cover: Pink Lake near Meningie, South Australia John P Baker
Title page: The Paroo River, the last unregulated river in the Murray-Darling Basin system Andrew Tatnell (Big Island Photographics)
For bibliographic purposes, this report may be cited as:
Ball, J., Donnelley, L., Erlanger, P., Evans, R., Kollmorgen, A., Neal, B. and Shirley, M., 2001. Inland Waters, Australia State of the Environment Report 2001 (Theme Report), CSIRO Publishing on behalf of the Department of the Environment and Heritage, Canberra.
The 2001 Inland Waters Theme Report is one of seven produced for the Australian State of the Environment Committee which form the basis of the report Australia State of the Environment 2001. Theme reports for the remaining themes: Biodiversity, Atmosphere, Coasts and Oceans, Land, Natural and Cultural Heritage and Human Settlements are available in print from CSIRO PUBLISHING and on the Internet (http://www/ea.gov.au/soe/).
Note: Some of the images in this report may be more easily read in colour. In those cases, readers are referred to the full-colour PDF or web versions which are available online at: http://www.ea.gov.au/soe/
Cover and text design by James Kelly.
Typeset by Desktop Concepts P/L, Melbourne.
Printed in Australia by Brown Prior Anderson.